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      quasi
      kweizai
      prefix used to show that sth is almost, but not completely, the thing described
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      Another point I should make to the House is that although inspectors are quasi judicial, they are only quasi judicial.
      There is a quasi religious tone to many tech convention speeches and press releases.
      To address these problems, a ground-breaking quasi-experimental study has been developed by the Making Electoral Democracy Work project.
      Central Bank - A government or quasi-governmental organization that manages a country's monetary policy.
      In Yangoon, Obama met President Thein Sien, the quasi-military backed leader of Myanmar.
      In this now quasi-official view of the university, research and teaching that do not serve business or wealth creation are seen as luxuries.
      Compare pseudo, quasi, and semi.
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      spine`less
      'spainləs
      adj without a spine ¶ lacking courage and determination
      -
      "What animal is spineless?" "About 95% of all the animals on earth have no backbone, or spine. They are called invertebrates and range from snails to big, wobbly jellyfish. All invertebrates are cold-blooded -- their body temperature is the same as the air or water around them."
      The spineless cactus and the prickly pear belong to the genus Opuntia.
      The members of the Congress and Senate are spineless politicians that only care about staying in power and the next election.
      Why do you spineless cowards continue to cry and howl but decide to do nothing?
      This spineless Government just caved in to the Catholic Church on faith schools.
      A faith school is a school in the United Kingdom that teaches a general curriculum but which has a particular religious character or formal links with a religious organisation.
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      ex`pe`di`tious
      ekspi'diʃəs
      adj quick and effective, efficiently
      -
      "There had to be expeditious and unimpeded delivery of such humanitarian assistance, including of food, fuel and medical treatment," said the statement.
      A non-legal process which may assist in resolving these disputes in a cheap and expeditious manner is mediation through Community Justice Centres.
      They emphasized that this will require expeditious implementation of revenue-enhancing measures, including efforts to improve tax compliance, and rigorous restraint in expenditures, particularly on wages.
      Such swift and expeditious action would probably not have been possible in the North.
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      sub`jec`tion
      səb'dʒekʃən
      n[U] the action of defeating sb and forcing them to obey you
      -
      She recounted the Taleban's subjection of women.
      From the hour of their birth, some men are marked out for subjection, others for rule.
      One natural consequence of this distinction, will be to retain in each church every power that need not be delegated for the good of the whole. Another, will be an equality of the churches; and not, as in England, the subjection of all parish churches to their respective cathedrals.
      In the West they represented the theocratic drive of the papacy, which reached its maximum power under Gregory VII, to bring all Christendom into complete subjection.
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      flight`y
      'flaiti
      adj changeable and unreliable, not serious
      -
      But you have to keep in mind that consumer attention is very flighty.
      If you say that someone is flighty, you disapprove of them because they are not very serious or reliable and keep changing from one activity, idea, or partner to another.
      "Everyone said, He's awfully flighty he jumps from job to job,' " Robbins recalled.
      She's flighty and superficial, and calls herself a model rather than the more accurate term, unemployed.
      Gemini make very interesting and exciting friends. They are very flighty and will disappear for a long time as they meet new friends and explore new places.
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      ex`tir`pate
      'ekstə:peit
      v[T] completely destroy or get rid of sth
      -
      Three million German troops crossed the Soviet border in June 1941 in an attempt to extirpate the Russian state.
      The Muslim fanatics in Indonesia try to extirpate the infidel minorities there.
      The Earl of Argyle is commissioned to root out and extirpate all of that race.
      Black bears, for instance, are usually less aggressive and more tolerant of people. They often live near human settlements, whereas grizzly bears prefer to stay away from human settlements and are often extirpated from heavily used or populated areas.
      The insecticides sprayed around the house have successfully extirpated the termite infestation.
      New Englanders sought to extirpate, with bounty payments, all predators including wolves.
      Compare exterminate and extirpate.
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      of`fi`cious
      ə'fiʃəs
      adj too eager to tell people what to do, bossy
      -
      I think we have incredibly rude, difficult and officious border controls.
      Police are called plods if slow and docile and pigs if officious.
      We were tired of being pushed around by officious civil servants.
      He's an officious little man and widely disliked in the company.
      The officious bystander is a metaphorical figure of English law.
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      spend`thrift
      'spendθrift
      n[C] sb who spends money recklessly or wastefully
      -
      But he was neither a dandy nor a spendthrift.
      It's the only way to deal with the "Paris Hilton problem" of the spendthrift heir who gets a windfall he or she did not earn.
      She had never been a spendthrift but now she seemed to adopt some expensive new tastes.
      Most of Rome had assumed that Antony, a notorious spendthrift in desperate need of Caesar's fortune to pay his debts, had been a part of the conspiracy.
      Compare spendthrift and thrift.
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      bore`hole
      'bɔ:həul
      n[C] a deep hole made in the ground when looking for oil, gas or water
      -
      A borehole is a narrow shaft bored in the ground, either vertically or horizontally.
      A borehole may be constructed for many different purposes, including the extraction of water or other liquids (such as petroleum).
      A woman in Uganda collects water from a borehole.
      Borehole drilling has a long history. Han Dynasty China (202 BC – 220 AD) used deep borehole drilling for mining and other projects. Chinese borehole sites could reach as deep as 600 m (2000 ft).
      The practice of well logging in boreholes dates to 1927, for the French Pechelbronn oil field.
      For many years, the world's deepest borehole was the Kola Superdeep Borehole. From 2011 until August 2012 the record was held by the 12,345-metre (40,502 ft) long Sakhalin-I Odoptu OP-11 Well, offshore the Russian island Sakhalin.
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      de`spoil
      di'spɔil
      v[T] rob, plunder, sack
      -
      Museums have despoiled China, Egypt, and India of many priceless treasures.
      Many of the tombs had been despoiled.
      The cities of Greece and Asia were despoiled of their most valuable ornaments.
      The tragic result is that many of the countries raped and despoiled by Germany, such as the Czech Republic and Poland, are just now coming out of decades of economic decline, while Germany - fat, sassy, arrogant, self-satisfied, and essentially Judenfrei - has enjoyed four decades of undeserved economic prosperity.
      Judenfrei ("free of Jews") or Judenrein ("clean of Jews") was a Nazi term to designate an area "cleansed" of Jewish presence during The Holocaust.
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      mi`ser
      'maizə
      n[C] sb who is not generous and does not like spending money
      -
      A miser is a person who is reluctant to spend, sometimes to the point of forgoing even basic comforts and some necessities, in order to hoard money or other possessions.
      Although the word is sometimes used loosely to characterise anyone who is mean with their money, if such behaviour is not accompanied by taking delight in what is saved, it is not properly miserly.
      One attempt to account for miserly behaviour was Sigmund Freud's theory of anal retentiveness, attributing the development of miserly behaviour to toilet training in childhood, although that has since been challenged.
      Eugénie Grandet is an 1833 novel by Honoré de Balzac about miserliness, and how it is bequeathed from the father to the daughter, Eugénie, through her unsatisfying love attachment with her cousin.
      Like a miser, she has hoarded her feelings within her own breast.
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      web`cast
      'webka:st
      n[C] a broadcast on the Internet
      also a verb
      -
      A webcast is a media presentation distributed over the Internet using streaming media technology to distribute a single content source to many simultaneous listeners/viewers.
      A webcast may either be distributed live or on demand. Essentially, webcasting is "broadcasting" over the Internet.
      The largest "webcasters" include existing radio and TV stations, who "simulcast" their output through online TV or online radio streaming, as well as a multitude of Internet only "stations".
      The term webcasting usually refers to non-interactive linear streams or events.
      Rights and licensing bodies offer specific "webcasting licenses" to those wishing to carry out Internet broadcasting using copyrighted material.
      Webcasting is also used extensively in the commercial sector for investor relations presentations (such as annual general meetings), in e-learning (to transmit seminars), and for related communications activities.
      A Podcast is a digital medium that consists of an episodic series of audio, video, digital radio, PDF, or ePub files subscribed to and downloaded through web syndication or streamed on-line to a computer or mobile device.
      The word is a neologism and portmanteau derived from "broadcast" and "pod" from the success of the iPod, as audio podcasts are often listened to on portable media players.
      Did you miss the live webcast? Want to watch Oprah's Book Club discussion again? Watch the full webcast on demand now or download the video to watch later.
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      nup`tial
      'nʌpʃəl
      adj relating to marriage or the marriage ceremony
      -
      It is hard to think of anything less romantic than the prenuptial agreement.
      A prenuptial agreement, antenuptial agreement, or premarital agreement, commonly abbreviated to prenup or prenupt, is a contract entered into prior to marriage, civil union or any other agreement prior to the main agreement by the people intending to marry or contract with each other.
      The content of a prenuptial agreement can vary widely, but commonly includes provisions for division of property and spousal support in the event of divorce or breakup of marriage.
      In some countries, including Belgium and the Netherlands, the prenuptial agreement not only provides for the event of a divorce, but also to protect some property during the marriage, for instance in case of a bankruptcy.
      Postnuptial agreements are similar to prenuptial agreements, except that they are entered into after a couple is married.
      Someone's nuptials are their wedding celebrations.
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      a`dul`ter`ate
      ə'dʌltəreit
      v[T] make a substance less pure by adding sth else to it
      -
      Saffron from some Asian suppliers may be adulterated with everything from turmeric to dyed poppy petals.
      On the other hand, if the olive oil was adulterated with sunflower oil it would register an elevated level of campesterol.
      Over 68 per cent of milk in the country does not conform to the standards set by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), the Centre has told the Supreme Court on a plea for checking sale of synthetic and adulterated milk and various dairy products.
      Adulterated milk in the form of watery milk was not so much worrisome because water is not harmful to our health.
      But, nowadays dishonest and greedy traders and manufacturers adulterate food with harmful and dangerous chemicals and substances,
      That's perhaps the main cause for a lot of diseases people are dying of.
      Artificial colorants and fragrant chemicals, often toxic, are used to make stale drinks look and taste as genuine as fresh drinks.
      Fishes are immersed in formalin so that unsold fishes are not decomposed.
      Compare adult, adulterate, and adultery.
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      snob`bish
      'snɔbiʃ
      adj behaving in a way that shows you think you are better than other people
      -
      The Moscow girls seemed too snobbish and well dressed for me to approach.
      The people of London didn't like her at all. They thought she was corrupt, greedy, snobbish, foreign, fond of flamboyant attire, overly tall, gaunt and bony, and nicknamed her 'The Maypole'.
      I went to a very elitist, snobbish, expensive education in India, and that almost destroyed me.
      A lot people see you as arrogant and snobbish, why is this so?
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      es`ti`ma`ble
      'estiməbəl
      adj possible to estimate ¶ deserving of esteem, admirable
      -
      We discuss formulas for the optimal level of insurance benefits in terms of empirically estimable parameters.
      The estimable American military writer Max Boot, a guerrilla-war expert associated with the Council on Foreign Relations in New York, wrote in Commentary magazine last month that Canada is a country that most Americans consider a "dull but slavishly friendly neighbour, sort of like a great St. Bernard."
      Morning coffee with the estimable John Clute, one of the Guests of Honour at this year's World Fantasy Convention, held here in Toronto this year.
      The World Fantasy Convention is an annual convention of professionals, collectors, and others interested in the field of fantasy.
      With this show, the 24 th Street Theatre continues its estimable presentations of contemporary Spanish-language co-productions with international companies in service both to the theatre community and its local population.
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      cor`pu`lent
      'kɔ:pjulənt
      adj excessively fat
      -
      Though he was tall, corpulent and quite ugly, he had a way with the ladies.
      He was a short-legged, long-bodied, corpulent little man.
      Corpulent is to slim as overweight is to lanky.
      She has two thick, corpulent arms that hang almost lifelessly at her sides at most times, and large hands adorned with chubby fingers. Above her adipose neck is a huge double chin, the false one nearly the size of the real one.
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      gain`ful
      'geinfəl
      adj providing money or profit
      -
      "What Is the Eligibility Criteria for Individual Unemployability?" "A veteran must be unable to maintain substantially gainful employment as a result of his/her service-connected disabilities."
      I've been without gainful employment since about November.
      Between 1980 and 1990, the proportion that farmers, fishers and forest workers represented of all persons 15 and older with a gainful occupation in the country shrunk significantly.
      You are considered disabled if you can furnish proof that you can not do any substantial gainful activity because of your physical or mental condition.
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      watch`word
      'wɔtʃwə:d
      n[s] a word or phrase that expresses an attitude or belief ¶ password
      -
      Compromise is suddenly the watchword in Washington, as negotiations over taxes, spending and entitlements begin in advance of another self-imposed deadline, popularly known as the "fiscal cliff."
      Personal service looks set to remain the airline's watchword.
      Muslims prayed alongside Christians and the watchword was mutual respect.
      Put simply, our watchword should be: 'all people, all countries, all rights.'
      The English police took the prevention of crime as their watchword.
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      ex`ul`tant
      ig'zʌltənt
      adj feeling or showing great pride or happiness esp because of sth exciting that has happened
      -
      The movie builds up enormous tension through the simplest means and then bursts into a flight of exultant lyricism.
      I'm in a twin state of exultant and circumspect.
      We shouldn't be the least bit exultant over claims that we have more oil reserves than we've ever had before.
      Allah, most High, says, "So that you may not grieve for what has escaped you, nor be exultant at what He has given you."
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      po`lyga`mous
      pə'ligəməs
      adj relating to, characterized by, or practicing polygamy
      -
      In a polygamous society, people can be legally married to more than one person at the same time.
      A polygamous person, especially a man, is married to more than one person.
      Less than 1 percent of the men in any Muslim country are polygamous.
      Most men here (Africa) are poor, and most in polygamous marriages have wives with very bad attitudes.
      As for polygamous relationships between consenting adults, I see no reason to be opposed to these, in principle.
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      im`pu`dent
      'impjudənt
      adj rude and showing no respect to other people
      -
      I grew furious at the impudent interference of the boy. I told him to mind his own business.
      "Better give me a penny, Mrs. Pitman," he said in his impudent Irish way. "I hate to give you a knife. It may cut our friendship."
      Again, in Sanhedrin, fol. 97, it is said: "In the age in which the Messiah shall come, the young men shall turn the elders into ridicule; the elders shall rise up against the youth, the daughter against her mother, the daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; and the man of that age shall be excessively impudent; nor shall the son reverence his father."
      A folio is a book made with paper of a large size, used especially in the early centuries of European printing.
      After chasing off a few impudent ravens who returned almost immediately, the bear settled down for a meal, pulling and tugging at the dead bison.
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      ig`no`ble
      ig'nəubəl
      adj not noble in quality, character, or purpose, base or mean
      -
      Unfortunately, many people do care about skin color for ignoble and morally objectionable reasons.
      At the heat of sexual excitement, he repeats the same ignoble act again and again.
      What an ignoble death. How I wished to die a valiant death on the battle field.
      This is an ignoble history that led to Auschwitz.
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      dom`i`cile
      'dɔmisail
      n[C] the place where sb lives
      also a verb
      -
      In law, domicile is the status or attribution of being a permanent resident in a particular jurisdiction.
      A person can remain domiciled in a jurisdiction even after they have left it, if they have maintained sufficient links with that jurisdiction or have not displayed an intention to leave permanently.
      A corporation’s place of domicile is equivalent to its place of incorporation.
      The taxes from his profits are still receivables from his domicile or residence point of view.
      The State of Delaware is a leading domicile for U.S. and international corporations.
      Military service entails frequent changes of domicile.
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      slov`en`ly
      'slʌvənli
      adj lazy, untidy, and careless
      -
      Slovenly, ignorant, inept - his attacks on fellow actors are legendary.
      Who can forget Roseanne, who was loud, obnoxious, and slovenly?
      Those who have been accustomed to slovenly disorder lose all sense of neatness or elegance.
      America is a nation composed primarily of fat, slovenly, ignorant, indifferent slobs.
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